Chris Pedro

Just a guy from Bermuda

Useful macOS Commands

Last Updated: 2019-10-22

Below is just a random dump of useful commands I use frequently, in no particular order.

Fix zsh warning in Catalina

Since macOS Catalina, the default shell has been changed from bash to zsh. If like me, you still prefer bash and use it as your shell, you’ll get the warning “default interactive shell is now zsh” each time you log into a terminal. To silence this, you can put BASH_SILENCE_DEPRECATION_WARNING=1 in your .bash_profile. Source

$ echo 'export BASH_SILENCE_DEPRECATION_WARNING=1' >> ~/.bash_profile

Flush Local DNS

$ sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

Find open TCP and UDP sockets

$ lsof -Pnl +M -i4

To find just TCP in LISTEN state

$ lsof -Pnl +M -i4 | grep LISTEN

Add VLAN Interface

$ sudo ifconfig vlan<X> create
$ sudo ifconfig vlan<X> vlan <X> vlandev <interface>
$ sudo ifconfig vlan<X> inet <IP> netmask <netmask>
$ sudo ifconfig vlan<X> up

Remove VLAN Interface

$ sudo ifconfig vlan<X> destroy

Show Routes

General routing table:

$ netstat -rn

Specific route:

$ route get <net|ip>[/<prefix>]

Editing Static Routes


Network route:

$ sudo route add -net <net>/<prefix> <gw>

Host route

$ sudo route add -host <ip> <gw>


Network route:

$ sudo route change -net <net>/<prefix> <new-gw>

Host route

$ sudo route change -host <ip> <new-gw>


Network route:

$ sudo route delete -net <net>/<prefix>

Host route

$ sudo route delete -host <ip>